Science & Technology package to Pottery Trade


Name of the project and supporting agency

Activities carried out

1994- 1995



Evolving new Technologies on clay processing, DST,

New Delhi

- The project was implemented in two phases. In phase – I eleven clay samples from Mamdi, Deharadun , Kanyakumari, Puthukottai, Anusfia and Agerthala were collected. Experiment to on particle size, shrinkage, water abstention, water of plasticity and addition of additives were conducted using the 11 clay samples separately and standardized the clay processing methods.

- In the second Phase back up support for establishing self sustained pottery production had been availed to the 11 units who sent the clay samples for test.


Development to rural women in value added diversified pottery products for more income generation.


DST, New Delhi

- Production techniques such as clay processing, product formation such as Throwing, Moulding, Casting and Jiggering, Modeling and Moulding and firing were trained to the women beneficiaries. Marketing survey and exposure visits were also organized for entrepreneurship development. - Training on developing artistic nature over the surface of the wares for decorative purpose were also availed to the trainees.

1995- 1996



Improved technology package for artisanal pottery industries evolved through AICP pottery. Pilot project in Tirunelveli District.


DST, New Delhi

- 2000 sq.ft. and 1000 sq.ft. Work shed constructed.

- 3 potters underwent training for 3 months to Gramodaya Sangh, Bhadrawathy and additional training in CSD pilot unit at Thalakulam for 3 months, and then the trainees practiced the systems in the pilot unit at Idaikal, Tirunelveli District.

- Installed 2’ Diameter Ball mill, 2 pot mill, mini pug mill, Disintegrator, Jigger and Dies for Tiles and connected with electricity.

- Constructed 5’ height up draught kiln.

- Fabrication activities started using the above equipments installed.

- Both unglazed and glazed products were fabricated.

- Experiments on composition fixation for glaze and finalized.

- 15 local potters were trained during the project period and all of

them were working with the institution as an association.

1996- 1997

& 1997 -1998

Utilization of fired broken pottery items in product development

DST, New Delhi

- Grinded the broken pottery by the edge runner installed for the

Experiment and sieved in different grain size of grog.

- Using grog in pottery clay samples with grog addition, tests on shrinkage both dried and fired, water absorption and compressive strength were conducted and tabulated. – Analyzed the above test results and optimized the composition fixation of grog in pottery products.

- Production of pozzolamic cement grain size of grog is fixed as 200 mesh fineness with the addition of Hydnated lime and portlard cement.




Disseminating advanced pottery technology to rural potters in Kanyakumari District

CAPART, New Delhi

- Potters concentrated three villages named Muttaikadu, Kulasekaram

and Thalakulam were selected for the training.

- Both theory and practical classes were provided for trainees under

the heads. Sources of clay availability, procurement methods, aging

of clay, different types of processing methods, different types of

production methods, reasons for cracking, methods of storing ,

green goods, loading and firing techniques, economy of the industry

etc. – Wet dry sieving of clay, kneading by hand and leg,

fabrication by throwing, moulding, pressing and casting , beating

and finishing, drying, kiln loading & firing etc were conducted in

practical session.

-Conducted awareness camps for building confidence over the trade to the rural potters.


Rehabilitation of potters in Kanyakumari District


-50 Male and 50 Female from deserving potters community were

selected as beneficiaries.

-Training on pottery trade was provided to them for income


-Established a women development resource centre for providing

literacy to the women.

1997 -1998

& 1998 -1999

Production centre in pottery

DWCRA scheme

-A pottery production unit established at Thalakulam by the trainees.

-Products fabricated collectively were marketed and shared the

benefits equally.

1999 –2000 & 2000-2001

Design development of appropriate kiln model for traditional pottery products.

DST, New Delhi

- Kiln with ash pit, fire box and false platform was tried. – Kiln with the fire mouth and false platform was to tried.

- Kiln with arranged false plat form (with damaged pots) was


- Kiln with arching fire box arrangement was constructed for


– Square type, rectangular type and round type of kiln were trained. – Constructed demonstration kiln in 5 settlements and on the spot

training to operate the kiln was constructed to the local potter.

1999- 2000

& 2000-2001

Standardizing the techniques of commercial (GUNA) Tiles fabrication

DST, New Delhi




-Experiments on clay body preparation had been undertaken and

found out the optimum size clay composition.

-Fabrication under throwing on potters wheel, using Jiggering and

Jolly machines were attempted.-Model and moulds were caste.

- Tests such as shrinkage water absorption, water of plasticity were done.-Fabrication using Philler press and mould was tried.

-Shape and size of the tiles was determined.

-Temperature need for good firing was also determined by conducting experiments.

-Test and constructed for determining the design and to find out maximum load bearing capacity.




Training of potters in optimizing the techniques for producing Diversified glazed red clay products

DRDA, Kanyakumari District.

- Tests on clay such as dry shrinkage, fired shrinkage, water

absorption, water of plasticity were conducted.

-Tests on the addition of additives in percentage was experimented and optimized to the given samples of clay.-Experiments for fixing clay Composition for wares in glazing activity.

-The test pieces were fired in the electric furnace at the range from 800ºC to 100ºC.

-Conducted experiments for fixing chemicals and minerals composition for preparing glaze.

- Oil fired furnace constructed and test firing conducted.

-SHGs doing pottery activity were invited and demonstrated the optimized technologies.




Optimizing the fabrication and designing of red clay utility wares (cooking & serving) – UNDP- KVIC, Mumbai

-Two types of local plastic potters clay was brought and experimentation conducted under the following heads in different temperatures from 700ºC - 800ºC.

1. clay composition

2. Shrinkage

3. Water absorption

4. Compressive strength

-Different types of pots and Pans fabricated using the optimized clay

composition in traditional shapes.

-Different new designs and size were introduced in fabrication work.

-Heat absorption capacity of clay pots in terms of metallic vessels

was experimented and graphed.

- Heat retaining capacity of these vessels was tested and graphed.

-In fabrication of some wares Jigger and Jolly machine was used.

-Thermal shock resistance for different clay composition was undertaken.-Conducted a workshop with NGOs, potters etc including Govt. officials.




UNDP-KVIC pottery project.


2002 – 2003

& 2003-2004

Dissemination of improved technology package for Artisan pottery in Kanyakumari District.

CAPART, New Delhi

-Preliminary work such as selection of work site, construction of work shed, procurement of machines was done.

-Two artisans were selected and undergone training on advanced pottery techniques for master trainer.

-30 trainees both men and women had been selected and trained for on job training cum production.

-Preparation of clay body for different types of formation

(processing, casting, jiggering etc)

-Different shapes and sizes of articles.-Models and mould


- Handling the equipments - Kiln loading and fixing techniques.

- Designing and decoration were trained.-After the training the trainees were fielded in trial production activities.

-Trained in product diversification, unglazed and glazed wares fabrication, glaze composition fixation and experimented during the training.-Techno economic/Viability assessment also had been studied.


Design Development workshop on pottery craft - UNDER AHVY Scheme

Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India, New Delhi

-30 pottery artisans were selected for the workshop by the selection committee constituted for this purpose.

-Practical training on wheel work, coiling system, hand made, pressing by using moulds were availed to the trainees.

-Few designs such as utility products, decorative products, toys, figurines, murals were designed.


Creating Marketing avenue and Training



Design innovation and standardizing pottery kulhars fabrication –

- DST, New Delhi

-Procured and installed the

appropriate machines for kulhars fabrication.

-Prepared various types of models and working moulds were prepared using the models.

-Prepared clay body suitable for Jiggering method of fabrication using the moulds.

-Fabricated kulhars through throwing method.

-Designed various types of kulhars in terms of consumer taste.

-Fabricated products by Jigger and Jolly.

-Fabricated products by potter wheel.

-Fabricated wares through piller press.

-Introduced effective clay processing methods, efficient firing & reducing breakage for bring down the production cost.

-Comparative study was conducted for find out the cost effectiveness.

-Disseminated the technology to the SHG members who were engaged

in pottery activity.


Periphetic training in pottery Industry for pottery artisans –

KVIC, Mumbai

-Muttaikadu village was selected for undertaking the training program.

-Preparation of clay and fabrication of different varieties of products were carried out to the trainees.

-KVIC provided 10 nos. of

electrically operated potters wheel to 10 beneficiaries.





Uplifting the status of tribal in Vellambimalai by Science & Technology intervention in pottery.

-Orientation on the socio- economic situation of the society and the need for the skill development training was entrusted among the tribal.

-All the technical aspects of pottery were trained to the trainees including Science and Technology intervention.

- Exposure visits were arranged for gaining addition knowledge on the techniques of the industry.

-Skills on entrepreneurship was entrusted to the through arranging exhibitions, financial management sessions, market analysis etc.

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