Science & Technology package to Pottery Trade

Year : 1994-1995 & 1995-1996

Name of the project and supporting agency

Evolving new Technologies on  clay processing, DST,New Delhi

Activities carried out
  • The project was implemented in two phases. In phase – I eleven clay samples from Mamdi, Deharadun , Kanyakumari, Puthukottai, Anusfia and Agerthala were collected. Experiment to on particle size, shrinkage, water abstention, water of plasticity and addition of additives   were conducted using the 11 clay samples separately and standardized the clay processing methods.

  • In the second Phase back up support for establishing self sustained pottery production had been availed to the 11 units who sent the clay samples for test.
Year : 1995-1996

Name of the project and supporting agency

Development to rural women in value added diversified pottery products for more income generation.- DST, New Delhi

Activities carried out
  • Production techniques such as clay processing, product formation such as Throwing, Moulding, Casting and Jiggering, Modeling and Moulding and firing were trained to the women beneficiaries. Marketing survey and exposure visits were also organized for entrepreneurship development. - Training on developing artistic nature over the surface of the wares for decorative purpose were also availed to the trainees. 

Year : 1995- 1996

Name of the project and supporting agency

Improved technology package for artisanal pottery industries evolved through AICP pottery. Pilot project in Tirunelveli District.- DST, New Delhi

Activities carried out
  • 2000 sq.ft. and 1000 sq.ft. Work shed constructed.

  • 3 potters underwent training for 3 months to Gramodaya Sangh, Bhadrawathy and additional training in CSD pilot unit at Thalakulam for 3 months, and then the trainees practiced the systems in the pilot unit at Idaikal, Tirunelveli District.
  •  Installed 2’ Diameter Ball mill, 2 pot mill, mini pug mill, Disintegrator, Jigger and Dies for Tiles and connected with electricity.
  • Constructed 5’ height up draught kiln.
  • Fabrication activities started using the above equipments installed.
  • Both unglazed and glazed products were fabricated.
  • Experiments on composition fixation for glaze and finalized.
  • 15 local potters were trained during the project period and all of   them were working with the institution as an association.

Year : 1996- 1997 & 1997 -1998

Name of the project and supporting agency

Utilization of fired broken pottery items in product development DST, New Delhi

Activities carried out
  • Grinded the broken pottery by the edge runner installed for the
    Experiment and sieved in different grain size of grog.

  • Using grog in pottery clay samples with grog addition, tests on shrinkage both dried and fired, water absorption and compressive strength were conducted and tabulated.
  • Analyzed the above test results and optimized the composition fixation of grog in pottery products..
  • Production of pozzolamic cement grain size of grog is fixed as 200 mesh fineness with the addition of Hydnated lime and portlard cement.

Year : 1996-1997 & 1997-1998

Name of the project and supporting agency

Disseminating advanced pottery technology to rural potters in Kanyakumari District CAPART, New Delhi

Activities carried out
  • Potters concentrated three villages named Muttaikadu, Kulasekaram and Thalakulam were selected for the training.

  • Both theory and practical classes were provided for trainees under the heads. Sources of clay availability, procurement methods, aging   of clay, different types of processing methods, different types of   production methods, reasons for cracking, methods of storing , green goods, loading and firing techniques, economy of the industry etc

  • Wet dry sieving of clay, kneading by hand and leg,    fabrication by throwing, moulding, pressing and casting , beating and finishing, drying, kiln loading & firing etc were conducted in practical session.

  • Conducted awareness camps for building confidence over the trade to the rural potters.

Year : 1998-1999

Name of the project and supporting agency

Rehabilitation of potters in Kanyakumari District MANOS UNIDAS,Spain

Activities carried out
  • 50 Male and 50 Female from deserving potters community were selected as beneficiaries.

  • Training on pottery trade was provided to them for income generation.

  • Established a women development resource centre for providing literacy to the women.

Year : 1997 -1998 & 1998 -1999

Name of the project and supporting agency

Production centre in pottery - DWCRA scheme

Activities carried out
  • A pottery production unit established at Thalakulam by the trainees.

  • Products fabricated collectively were marketed and shared thebenefits equally.

Year : 1999 –2000 & 2000-2001

Name of the project and supporting agency

Design development of appropriate kiln model for traditional pottery products. DST, New Delhi

Activities carried out
  • Kiln with ash pit, fire box and false platform was tried.      

  • Kiln with the fire mouth and false platform was to tried.

  • Kiln with arranged false plat form (with damaged pots) was experimented.

  • Kiln with arching fire box arrangement was constructed for experimentation. 

  • Square type, rectangular type and round type of kiln were trained.
  • Constructed demonstration kiln in 5 settlements and on the spot training to operate the kiln was constructed to the local potter.

Year : 1999- 2000 & 2000-2001

Name of the project and supporting agency

Standardizing the techniques of commercial (GUNA) Tiles fabrication -DST, New Delhi

Activities carried out
  • Experiments on clay body preparation had been undertaken and found out the optimum size clay composition.

  • Fabrication under throwing on potters wheel, using Jiggering and Jolly machines were attempted.-Model and moulds were caste.

  • Tests such as shrinkage water absorption, water of plasticity were done.-Fabrication using Philler press and mould was tried

  • Shape and size of the tiles was determined.

  • Temperature need for good firing was also determined by conducting experiments.
  • Test and constructed for determining the design and to find out maximum load bearing capacity.

Year : 2000-2001 & 2001-2002

Name of the project and supporting agency

Training of potters in optimizing the techniques for producing Diversified glazed red clay products DRDA, Kanyakumari District.

Activities carried out
  • Tests on clay such as dry shrinkage, fired shrinkage, water absorption, water of plasticity were conducted.

  • Tests on the addition of   additives in percentage was experimented and optimized to the given samples of clay.-Experiments for fixing clay Composition for wares in glazing activity.

  • The test pieces were fired in the electric furnace at the range from 800ºC to 100ºC.

  • Conducted experiments for fixing chemicals and minerals composition for preparing glaze.

  • Oil fired furnace constructed and test firing conducted.

  • SHGs doing pottery activity were invited and demonstrated the optimized technologies.

Year : 2001-2002 & 2002-2003

Name of the project and supporting agency

Optimizing the fabrication and designing of red clay utility wares (cooking & serving) – UNDP- KVIC, Mumbai

Activities carried out
  • Two types of local plastic potters clay was brought and experimentation conducted under the following heads in different temperatures from 700ºC - 800ºC.

    1.Clay composition
    2. Shrinkage
    3. Water absorption
    4. Compressive strength

  • Different types of pots and Pans fabricated using the optimized clay composition in traditional shapes.

  • Different new designs and size were introduced in fabrication work.
  • Heat absorption capacity of clay pots in terms of   metallic vessels     
    was experimented and graphed.
  • Heat retaining capacity of these vessels was tested and graphed.
  • In fabrication of some wares Jigger and Jolly machine was used.-Thermal shock resistance for different clay composition was undertaken.-Conducted a workshop with NGOs, potters etc including Govt. officials.

Year : 2001-2002 & 2002-2003

Name of the project and supporting agency

UNDP-KVIC pottery project. TTE-Chunkankadai

Year : 2002 – 2003 & 2003-2004

Name of the project and supporting agency

Dissemination of improved technology package for Artisan pottery in Kanyakumari District.CAPART, New Delhi

Activities carried out
  • Preliminary work such as selection of work site, construction of work shed, procurement of machines was done.

  • Two artisans were selected and undergone training on advanced pottery techniques for master trainer.

  • 30 trainees both men and women had been selected and trained for on job training cum production.

  • Preparation of clay body for  different types of formation   
    (processing, casting,  jiggering etc)

  • Different shapes and sizes  of articles.-Models and mould 

  • Handling the equipments - Kiln loading and fixing techniques.

  • Designing and decoration were trained.-After the training the trainees were fielded in trial production activities.

  • Trained in product diversification, unglazed and glazed wares fabrication, glaze composition fixation and experimented during the training.-Techno economic/Viability assessment also had been studied. 

Year : 2002-2003

Name of the project and supporting agency

Design Development workshop on pottery craft - UNDER AHVY Scheme Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India, New Delhi

Activities carried out
  • 30 pottery artisans were selected for the workshop by the selection committee constituted for this purpose.
  • Practical training on wheel work, coiling system, hand made, pressing by using moulds were availed to the trainees.
  • Few designs such as utility  products, decorative  products, toys, figurines,  murals were designed.

Year : 2003-2004

Name of the project and supporting agency

Creating Marketing avenue and Training

Year : 2006-2007

Name of the project and supporting agency

Design innovation and standardizing pottery kulhars fabrication –DST, New Delhi

Activities carried out
  • Procured and installed the appropriate machines for  kulhars fabrication.

  • Prepared various types of  models and working moulds  were prepared using the  models.

  • Prepared clay body suitable  for Jiggering method of  fabrication using the  moulds.

  • Fabricated kulhars through  throwing method.

  • Designed various types of  kulhars in terms of  consumer taste.

  • Fabricated products by  Jigger and Jolly.

  • Fabricated products by potter wheel.

  • Fabricated wares through piller press.

  • Introduced effective clay processing methods, efficient firing & reducing breakage for bring down the production cost.

  • Comparative study was  conducted for find out the  cost effectiveness.

  • Disseminated the  technology to the SHG  members who were engaged in pottery activity.

Year : 2006-2007

Name of the project and supporting agency

Periphetic training in pottery Industry for pottery artisans – KVIC, Mumbai

Activities carried out
  • Muttaikadu village was  selected for undertaking the  training program.

  • Preparation of clay and fabrication of different varieties of products were  carried out to the trainees.

  • KVIC provided 10 nos. of electrically operated potters  wheel to 10 beneficiaries.

Year : 2007-2008 & 2008-2009

Name of the project and supporting agency

Uplifting the status of tribal in Vellambimalai by Science & Technology intervention in pottery.

Activities carried out
  • Orientation on the socio- economic situation of the society and the need for the skill development training was entrusted among the tribal.

  • All the technical aspects of  pottery were trained to the  trainees including Science  and Technology  intervention.

  • Exposure visits were arranged for gaining addition knowledge on the techniques of the industry.

  • Skills on entrepreneurship  was entrusted to the through  arranging exhibitions,  financial management  sessions, market analysis  etc.

Year : 2010-2012

Name of the project and supporting agency

Poverty Alleviation through Dissemination of Innovative Pottery Technology for Sustainable Employment Opportunity. CAPART, New Delhi.

Activities carried out
  • SHGs  formed and federate them in to Association.

  • Creation of Infrastructure in the Cluster villages.

  • Nodal and On spot training conducted for the potters in value added diversified consumer orientation pottery products for different uses.

  • Strengthened the institutional facilities to undertake research, designing, training and created marketing channels.

  • Trail production started.
  • Market study and Design intervention.
  • Attended the exhibitions, displays, buyers sellers meet etc.

Year : 2011-2013

Name of the project and supporting agency

Development of Women Entrepreneur in  Advanced Pottery Technology in   Vilavancode Taluk of Kanyakumari District, Tamil nadu.DSIR, New Delhi.

Activities carried out
  • Kollancode : Among 15 women, four women have upgraded their existing units with the inputs gained from this training. Remaining 11 women work on piece rate basis. They have adopted pressing and casting method of fabrication.  The trainees of this settlement have introduced design patterns of diamond cutting on value added products.  They participated in two exhibitions organized during local festivals and sold the value added products like hot cakes. 

  • Kaliyal: The trainees have established a common facility centre on the community land.  The common kiln was also constructed in the community land. They have adopted pressing, casting and throwing method of product fabrication.  Updraft kilns have been constructed to bake the products.  Products like serving tray, incense burner stand and table wares are manufactured.  They make their own models and moulds needed for fabrication works.

  • Kappikadu:Two women trainees were arranged to get subsidized financial assistance from commercial bank through District Industries Centre.   They have procured raw materials, power wheel and prepared plaster moulds on their own.  The local trades have approached these women for marketing of value added products.  The first lots of products have been sold to the traders and the women are engaged in production activities to complete next order.  Among the value added products, diyas have opened wide scope in market.  Hence the women are preparing stock for bulk sales in Diwali festivals.

  • Kaithagam In this village 15 trainees from the Athilekshmi SHG and trained.  Out of 15, nine trainees were established their own individual units with their own investment.  All the trainees were trained in all techniques pottery industry.  Other 6 trainees were joined together and started production unit in a small manner.  They are trying for the subsidy loan from the Govt.  After they get the loan the production unit capacity of the individual units are increasing gradually.  Technical and managerial assistance has been providing continually to the production units by our institution.

  • Malaicode In this village the trained trainees were interested in running this pottery products production units.  All the trained trainees were established their own individual production units with their own investment.  Products like serving tray, incense burner stand, coil pots, ponsai pots and table ware fabricating in their units.  The trainees were participated in the exhibitions arranged  by Mahalirthittam, KVIC and DRDA.

  • Athencode Among the 15 trainees 7 trained trainees were established joined together and established very good production centre.  They are preparing value added products like table wares, decorative pots, coil pots, cutting pots etc. with their own cost they constructed one updraught kiln firing the goods.  During festival seasons like Kollencode thookal, Attukal temple pongalai and Mondaykadu kodai they are selling their products for good price.  It creates very changes in their living style. Because they earned good income from the sales festivals.

  • Arumanai This is th e very good village and the trained trainees were jointly started a good production centre.  In this production centre all the techniques of pottery production were taught by the trainers and the trainees are fabricating pottery products using all the technologies.  They are very interested in running this unit.  Their earning capacity also increasing day by day.  A small and compact kiln also constructed in this village for firing the articles.  In future this unit will be developing systematically and changed into a very good production centre.